Academic Bulletin 2021-2022 
    May 30, 2024  
Academic Bulletin 2021-2022 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Geology Minor

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Geology Minor Learning Outcomes

Students who successfully complete a minor in Geology are expected to:

  • Demonstrate knowledge of: the physical and chemical properties of the lithosphere and hydrosphere (minerals, rocks, soils, and water); geologic time and earth history; and crustal materials and dynamics in the context of plate tectonics theory;
  • Demonstrate competence in fundamental geological skills and quantitative analysis including: mineral, rock, and soil identification; interpretation of topographic and geologic maps and cross-sections with basics of three-dimensional conceptualization; and the ability to collect and interpret field and laboratory observations;
  • Effectively communicate knowledge and interpretations using written, oral, and graphical skills on both a formal and an extemporaneous basis;
  • Gain an understanding of the societal relevance of earth systems.


Two two-credit courses (e.g., GEO 240 , GEO 380 ) may be substituted for one of the three courses with permission of the department. Geology courses from study-abroad programs may substitute for some courses with consent of the department. Students are urged to consult the department chairperson in planning a minor program in Geology.


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