Advising Handbook 2023-2024 
    
    Jul 21, 2024  
Advising Handbook 2023-2024 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Biology


Biology  
Academic Bulletin

Area of Study: Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Program: Major and Minor
Major/Minor Exclusions: A student minoring in Biology may not major in Biochemistry

When advising a student interested in the Biology Major, please note: 

Establishing an advisor: Students may ask any faculty member in the department. The department maintains a list with the number of advisees for each faculty member *updated each semester), so if a faculty member does not have space for additional advisees, they can consult the list to suggest other faculty who may have capacity.

The MAJOR in Biology has six components:

  • Three introductory biology courses (BIO 219 [Marine Biology] OR BIO 220 [Organismal Physiology and Ecology]; BIO 221 [Genetics, Development and Evolution]; and FSBIO 201).
  • Three 300-level biology courses, one in each of the three main areas of biology (Cellular/Molecular Biology, Organismal Biology/Physiology, and Population Biology/Ecology/Evolution).
  • A Junior Seminar (BIO 580). Students submit a preference form in the spring of their sophomore year and are then assigned to a junior seminar section based on information in the preference form.
  • A two-semester, six credit Senior Project and Seminar (BIO 600 and 610).
  • Required foundation courses in Mathematics and Chemistry: MATH 151 (or 140 and141), CHEM 120 &122, and one semester of Organic Chemistry (CHEM 231).
  • Two additional 4-credit courses chosen from Biostatistics (BIO 385), Chemistry (CHEM 200 or higher, except 231), Computer Science (100-level or higher), Geology (100-level or higher, excluding GEO 331), Mathematics (MATH 152 or higher), and/or Physics (PHYS 101 or higher). These courses should be chosen to complement career goals or specific curricular interests. Courses numbered 190 do not qualify. Any course cross-listed as Biology does not qualify.

The MINOR in Biology has three components:

  • Three introductory biology courses (BIO 219/220, 221, and FSBIO 201)
  • Two 300-level biology courses, at least one of which must be a laboratory course
  • Required foundation courses in Chemistry: CHEM 120 & 122


As of Fall 2022, the introductory Biology sequence no longer requires CHEM 120 as a prerequisite. However, completion of the major and minor do still require successful completion of chemistry and math courses. The most significant aspect of this change is that students may start Biology coursework prior to or concurrent with the chemistry or math courses.

Students may complete BIO 220 and BIO 221 in any order. BIO 219 (Marine Biology) also may substitute for BIO 220 for interested students. However, BIO 219 is only offered in spring semester AND is not appropriate for students interested in post-graduate health professions.

 Introductory students interest in majoring in Biology now have (at least) four potential paths in the first semester.

  1. Chemistry and Math
  2. Biology and Math
  3. Biology and Chemistry
  4. Biology, Chemistry, and Math

 The example pathways shown below have significant flexibility, within these general guidelines:

  • FSBIO 201 can be taken either semester in the second year.
  • Students who enroll in MATH 140 or CHEM 120 in their first semester and have difficulty in those courses should consider taking an “X” and enrolling in the CHEM 119 (Module B) course in the 2nd half of the semester.
  • CHEM 231 is offered ONLY in the fall semester. As of Fall 2023, CHEM 120 is the only prerequisite for CHEM 231. CHEM 122 is offered only in spring semester but is no longer required for CHEM 231.
  • BIO 3XX upper-level courses can be distributed across semesters in any fashion once the introductory series (BIO 219/220, BIO 221, FSBIO 201) has been completed. Some BIO 3XX courses require completion of Chemistry prerequisites.

Notes for students interested in health professions

  • ​These students should complete BIO 220, not BIO 219.
  • Although placement in Mathematics 152 or higher satisfies the MATH 151 requirement for the Biology major, health professions students may need to take additional courses in Mathematics. See the Pre-Health Guidelines   for further details.
  • The three introductory Biology courses, MATH 151 (or 140 and 141), CHEM 120 and 122, and CHEM 231, should be completed by the end of the sophomore year. if mathematics and chemistry placement permits. Students and their advisors should also be aware that CHEM 231 is only offered in the fall semester.
  • Students should complete CHEM 332 and 234 (Organ Chemistry II and lab), CHEM 253 (Biochemistry), and PHYS 101 and 102 (or PHYS 110 and 120).
    • PHYS 101: fall semesters only
    • PHYS 102: spring semester
    • PHYS 110: fall semester only
    • PHYS 120: spring semester only
    • CHEM 332 & 234: spring semester only

Prerequisites for the Biology Major and Minor:

  1. Placement into MATH 151, transfer or AP credit for MATH 151, completion of MATH 140 with a C or better, or completion of CHEM 119 with a C or better are required to enroll in CHEM 120.
  2. BIO 219/220 OR BIO 221 are prerequisites for FSBIO 201.
  3. BIO 219/220, 221, AND FSBIO 201 are prerequisites for BIO 300-level courses.
  4. BIO 219/220, 221, AND a grade of C or higher in FSBIO 201 are prerequisites for BIO 580.
  5. BIO 580 is a prerequisite for BIO 600. BIO 600 is a prerequisite for BIO 610.

Pathway 1. Chemistry and Math
This pathway is closest to the recommended steps prior to Fall 2022 and is recommended for students who place into MATH 151. Students who place into MATH 140 probably should opt for pathway 2 (Biology and Math) instead

  Placed into MATH 140 Placed into MATH 151
Year Fall Spring Fall Spring
1 FS 101
MATH 140
CHEM 119 (Module B)
FS 102
MATH 141
CHEM 120(1,2)
FS 101
MATH 151
CHEM 120(1,2)
FS 102
BIO 219, 220, or 221
CHEM 1
2 CHEM 231 (3)
BIO 220 or 221
BIO 291, 220 or 221
CHEM 122
FSBIO 201
Cognate
BIO 220 or 221 or FSBIO 201
CHEM 231(3)
BIO 219, 220, 221, or FSBIO 201
Cognate
3
BIO 3XX
Cognate
BIO 580(4)
BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
Cognate
BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
4 BIO 600
BIO 3XX
BIO 610 BIO 600
BIO 3XX
BIO 610


Pathway 2. Biology and Math
This pathway is most applicable for students with biology interests but a MATH 140 placement (as they cannot immediately start with CHEM 120 in the first semester, but can begin with biology coursework). Students who place into MATH 151 also can proceed via this pathway.
 

  Placed into MATH 140 Placed into MATH 151
Year Fall Spring Fall Spring
1 FS 101
MATH 140
BIO 220 or 221
FS 102
MATH 141
CHEM 120(1,2)
BIO 219, 220, or 221
FS 101
MATH 151
BIO 220 or 221
FS 102
BIO 219, 200, or 221
CHEM 120(1,2)
2 CHEM 231 (3)
FSBIO 201
BIO 3XX
CHEM 122
Cognate

CHEM 231 (3)
FSBIO 201

BIO 3XX
CHEM 122
Cognate
3
BIO 3XX
BIO 580(4)
BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
Cognate

BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
Cognate
4 BIO 600 BIO 610 BIO 600 BIO 610


Pathway 3. Biology and Chemistry
This new pathway is realistically only available to students placing into MATH 151 (as students with a MATH 140 -lacement cannot immediately start CHEM 120 in the first semester), but delays completion of MATH courses. Students placing into MATH 140 could take CHEM 119, but are better served via pathway 2 (Biology and Math)

  Placed into MATH 140 Placed into MATH 151
Year Fall Spring Fall Spring
1 FS 101
BIO 220 or 221
CHEM 119 (Module B)
FS 102
BIO 219, 220, or 221
CHEM 120(1,2)
MATH 140
FS 101
BIO 220 or 221
CHEM 120(1,2)
FS 102
BIO 219, 220, or 221
CHEM 122
MATH 151
2 CHEM 231 (3)
MATH 141
FSBIO 201
CHEM 122
Cognate
FSBIO 201
CHEM 231(3)
Cognate
BIO 3XX
3
BIO 3XX
Cognate
BIO 580(4)
BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
Cognate
BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
4 BIO 600
BIO 3XX
BIO 610 BIO 600 BIO 610


Pathway 4. Biology, Chemistry, and Math
This pathway is most appropriate for students with a very strong interest and demonstrated record of achievement in science and math courses (e.g., placement into MATH 151 and/or transfer credit for two or more of the required courses).
 

Year Fall Spring
1 FS 101
MATH 141
CHEM 120(1,2)
BIO 200 or 221
FS 102
BIO 219, 220, or 221
CHEM 122
2 FSBIO 201
CHEM 231(3)
BIO 3XX
Cognate
3 BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
Cognate
BIO 580(4)
BIO 3XX
4 BIO 600 BIO 610

(1) Placement into MATH 151, transfer or AP credit for MATH 151, completion of MATH 140 with a C or better, or completion of CHEM 119 with a C or better is required to enroll in CHEM 120.
(2) Prerequisite for CHEM 231.
(3) Only offered in Fall. Required for Biology major.
(4) Can be taken either semester of junior year.